By Ana Lazaro
More than 4 and a half million people have left the country and the flow continues to grow dramatically as the political crisis has not been solved.
Neighboring countries are increasingly having problems to deal with the situation.
“Demands continue to grow, the number of refugees continues to increase. We greatly appreciate international cooperation, but seeing the growth of the phenomenon, we need to raise awareness about the challenge and to increase international cooperation,” explained Carlos Holmes Trujillo, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Colombia.
Colombia is the country that has received the most refugees, one million four hundred thousand, followed by Peru, Chile, Ecuador and Brazil.
Under the impulse of the European Union, Brussels has hosted an international conference to gather support.
In hosting countries, social services are under pressure. And as explained by United Nations, problems are starting to show up.
“Now they find themselves with many hospitals, many schools that are receiving a very large number of Venezuelans in need of attention. They are increasingly in need and that this is starting to create tensions between communities. For the first time we are beginning to see outbreaks of rejection and xenophobia that are very worrying,” William Spindler, UNHCR, the UN refugee agency told our reporter.
At the beginning of next year, the EU will hold a donor conference to help the countries dealing with this exodus, the second most important in the world after the Syrian one.
“I think it is extremely wise and it is extremely urgent to mobilise international support for this countries and for the Venezuelans that are moving in this countries before this becomes a destabilising factor”.
A first package of aid of 120 million euros has been already been promised this week.